The rationale of the Children and Violence Evaluation Challenge Fund can be found in the paucity of quality evaluations and research with regards to interventions addressing the issue of violence against children in developing countries. Most programmes are based on assumptions derived from studies conducted in developed countries or on anecdotal evidence from project reports that do not reliably measure the effectiveness of their approaches.

The need for better data and research on the issue of violence against children was highlighted in the 2002 WHO World Report on Violence and Health and in the 2006 United Nations Study on Violence Against Children. It has been further reiterated by the latest Annual Report of  the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence Against Children in February 2011.